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AdaptNYC is New York City’s plan to adapt to climate change.

AdaptNYC identifies the Climate Change Challenges that pose the greatest threats; the populations and neighborhoods that are most at risk; and the resiliency and adaptation measures the city is taking to protect residents, property, and infrastructure.

On the 10-year anniversary of Hurricane Sandy, the Adams Administration launched Climate Strong Communities: the next generation of resiliency and sustainability projects that are proactive, multi-hazard, and centered on environmental justice.

  • Invest in communities left unaddressed by limited Hurricane Sandy recovery funding and with a focus on environmental justice
  • Leverage existing resiliency and sustainability planning and capital commitments.
  • Maximize federal and state funding opportunities, such as the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA).
  • Engage with stakeholders proactively during blue skies, versus disaster recovery, and focus on developing a community-centered planning process.

Historically overburdened, environmental justice areas are more vulnerable to climate change. Persistent social disparities, which include economic and health inequities, can be exacerbated by climate change impacts.

The Mayor’s Office, the Environmental Justice Interagency Working Group, and the Environmental Justice Advisory Board are working on the City’s first comprehensive study of the present state of environmental justice in the NYC. The  Environmental Justice Report will identify the city’s environmental justice areas, analyze environmental and climate issues, and identify which communities are disproportionately impacted by environmental burdens and not seeing the benefits of green investments made by the City. The report will study issues citywide but also include a focus on how these issues impact the city’s environmental justice areas.


The City of New York will continue to use the latest climate science to inform resiliency and adaptation decision-making, as well as expand opportunities to work with local communities and institutions to understand needs and priorities.

  • The New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC) is a 20-member independent advisory body that synthesizes scientific information on climate change and advises City policymakers on local resiliency and adaptation strategies that aim to protect against rising temperatures, increased flooding, and other hazards. Learn more about the NPCC and read their reports.
  • A team of interdisciplinary researchers is producing a comprehensive analysis of future potential climate conditions and associated socio-economic impacts for New York City. Analyses include developing climate projections, characterizing current and future extreme heavy rainfall, conducting a systematic assessment of health-related economic costs from climate-sensitive events, and creating a Coastal Flooding Vulnerability Index for New York City. Learn more about the VIA.
  • The New York City State of Climate Knowledge maintains a public agenda for climate research in NYC. The agenda includes public engagement, united local knowledge, academic climate research, and City agency know-how to co-produce actionable results. Learn more about the Climate Knowledge Exchange.
  • Since 2008, MOCEJ has convened the Climate Change Adaptation Task Force (CCATF) in order to review the climate change projections as recommended by the New York City Panel on Climate Change and evaluate potential impacts. CCATF is comprised of over 60 different organizations including city, state, and federal agencies, private organizations, and entities responsible for managing the City’s public health, natural systems, critical infrastructure, buildings, and economy. Given the broad remit of and large number of organizations that comprise CCATF and other boards, MOCEJ has also established the lnter-agency Climate Assessment Team (ICAT) to strengthen the relevance of NPCC climate assessments to agency policy and decision-making by coordinating and supporting interactions between NPCC Working Groups (WG) and City staff. Together, these entities entrench climate data into the City’s decision-making and that of our critical partners.

The City of New York incorporates climate adaptation and sustainability considerations into government policies and laws across the 5 boroughs to have the largest and long-lasting impact.

  • The NYC Mayor’s Office of Climate and Environmental Justice developed the NYC Climate Resiliency Design Guidelines to provide guidance and tools that go beyond current building codes and standards to incorporate forward-looking climate data into design. These step-by-step instructions help engineers, architects, and project managers prepare for future conditions when they design City facilities. These guidelines have been replicated across the nation and most recently were codified into law, following a 5-year pilot via LL41(2021). 
  • The City will support State and Federal legislation that promotes flood risk disclosures and work with partners to ensure residents have access to transparent information about a property’s flood history and flood insurance pricing before a property is bought or rented.
  • Zoning for Zero Carbon: The Department of City Planning is working with MOCEJ on updates to the City’s zoning regulations that support the City’s ambitious climate goals. These updates will remove regulatory impediments to solar installation, support the growth of EV and micromobility infrastructure, improve energy efficiency and building performance standards for retrofits and new construction, and help advance the city’s stormwater and waste management goals.

City government will utilize the wide reach of partnerships with federal and state government, private sector, academia, utilities, and nonprofit organizations to finance and implement adaptation projects and programs.

  • FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation grants, including Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC) and the Flood Mitigation Assistant (FMA) program, will help to ensure that the city can continually identify, assess and reduce our risk from an array of hazards threatening New York City. Most recently, NYC won BRIC grants for the Seaport Coastal Resilience Project and the Clinton Houses Cloudburst Project, among others.
  • NYC is developing a plan for a network of resilience hubs in NYCHA developments with a $240,000 grant from FEMA. This funding will help inform future capital investments that can transform community spaces on NYCHA’s campuses into resilience hubs that include features such as backup power, reliable heating and cooling, charging stations, and medical refrigeration.
  • NYC will utilize the $188 million in CDBG-DR funding that has been awarded following Tropical Cyclone Ida, including projects such as expanding green infrastructure ($30 million), public housing restoration and resiliency ($88 million), and developing resilient community spaces in two affordable senior housing developments ($9 million).
  • NYC will continue to advocate for federal legislative reforms to the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), which provides federally-backed flood insurance for NYC property owners, renters, and businesses to help them repair and rebuild faster after a flood. Suggested reforms include an affordability program, to ensure flood insurance remains accessible for the households that need it the most.
  • The City is actively pursuing federal resources to develop programs and services that support equitable, voluntary housing mobility for New Yorkers who live in areas with high flood risk. The City’s goals are to limit and prevent involuntary long-term displacement caused by flooding and equip homeowners and renters in flood-prone areas with the resources to plan and budget for a future move and transition to equitable and resilient long term land stewardship. Housing mobility services, as described in the  NYC Comprehensive Waterfront Plan, will prioritize the needs of low- and moderate-income households. They will also reflect engagement with housing advocates and with populations that disproportionately experience life-safety hazards caused by flooding, displacement risk, and housing discrimination.
  • NYC will continue to identify ways to support resilience retrofits for 1-to-4 family homeowners. The City will do this through financial and technical assistance in partnership with state, federal, and non-profit partners, like FloodHelpNY, and with consideration to how retrofits may impact renters and influence displacement. It will also work to reduce regulatory barriers in the design & construction process that prevent or discourage resiliency retrofits.
  • NYC is actively advocating for additional federal funding and flexibility for more equitable investments and continues to explore ways to expand the pool of resources available for building owners to undertake resiliency retrofits. This includes working with private and non-profit resources; and with FEMA to align grant eligibility with federal goals to increase resiliency and sustainability in dense urban areas, fund project planning and scoping, support heat mitigation projects, incentivize nature-based solutions and wetlands projects, and improve benefit-cost analyses to better account for risk in urban areas and capture more project benefits in low-resourced neighborhoods.
  • NYC actively engages with our utility and state partners including ConEd, National Grid, Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), Port Authority, and others to ensure the critical interdependencies across our region are considering the latest climate projections and prepared for current and future vulnerabilities.

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When we bring our voices, our action, and our advocacy to our schools, our homes, and our workplaces, we can create a more sustainable and resilient future for the 8.6 million people who call our five boroughs home.

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